Parliamentary Democracy Era
The crucial period in the era of the Republic of Indonesia continued in the Parliamentary Era of Democracy, one of which was related to the end of the employment contract of Dutch descent at the end of 1952. The end of their employment contract was an important issue because at that time the Indonesian government was moving rapidly to develop the immigration office. In the period 1950-1960 the immigration office tried to open immigration offices and branch offices, as well as the appointment of new landing ports.
In the decade of immigration, precisely on January 26, 1960, the immigration office succeeded in developing its organization with the establishment of the Immigration Bureau Headquarters in Jakarta, 26 regional immigration offices, 3 immigration offices, 1 immigration inspectorate office and 7 overseas immigration posts. In the field of immigration human resources (HR), in January 1960 the total number of immigration office staff had increased to 1256, all of them Indonesian children, including administrative officials and immigration technical officials.
In the field of immigration regulation, starting from this period the Indonesian government had the freedom to change the policy of the policy opendeur of colonial immigration to be a selective policy. Selective policy is based on protecting national interests and emphasizes the principle of providing greater protection to Indonesian citizens. The approach used and implemented simultaneously includes the prosperity approach and security approach. Some immigration arrangements include: (1) immigration traffic arrangements; i.e. inspection of immigration documents of passengers and crew of ships from abroad carried out on board during shipping ships, (2) regulation in the field of population of foreigners, with the enactment of Emergency Law Number 9 of 1955 concerning Population of Foreigners (State Gazette of 1955 Number 33, Additional State Gazette Number 812), (3) Regulations in the field of supervision of foreigners, with the enactment of Emergency Law Number 9 of 1953 concerning Supervision of Foreigners (State Gazette of 1953 Number 64, Supplement to State Gazette Number 463), (4 ) Regulations concerning criminal offenses / criminal acts / criminal acts in the field of immigration, with the enactment of the Emergency Law Number 8 of 1955 concerning Immigration Crime (State Gazette of 1955 Number 28, Supplement to State Gazette Number 807), (5) Arrangements in the field of citizenship, in this period important product legislation concerning citizenship is passed, namely Law Number 2 Tah for 1958 concerning the Agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and the People's Republic of China Concerning the Citizenship Questions (State Gazette of 1958 Number), (6), and Law Number 62 of 1958 concerning the Citizenship of the Republic of Indonesia (State Gazette of 1958 Number 113, Supplement to the State Gazette Number 1647), (7) Problems with Chinese citizenship, (8) Implementation of Foreigner Registration (POA).
In addition, in this era, legal products related to immigration also gradually began to be addressed, such as visas, passports and travel documents between countries, handling immigration crime, foreign registration, and citizenship. One of the important legal products issued during the era of Parliamentary Democracy was the replacement of the Passport Regelings (1918) into Law No. 14 of 1959 concerning the Republic of Indonesia Travel Letters (State Gazette of 1959 Number 56, Supplement to the State Gazette Number 1799).